Introduction and description of the problem, purpose of the study and the expected benefits of execution – including economic technological advantages.
The origin of the Moringa plant (Moringa Oleifera) in India, where it grows and is traditionally used for thousands of years to treat a variety of ailments, external and internal infections and additional nutritional supplement.
Main uses: Strengthening the immune system, cleansing the body of toxins and heavy metals, treatment of respiratory and exterminating intestinal parasites and worms.
Antioxidants are known beneficial effect on the reduction and prevention of the development of the disease in cattle in particular, and mammals in general.
For example, the addition of vitamin E per serving of fattening calves morbidity lowered the incidence of lung infections calves more than 20%, while improving their growth performance.
Based on the fact that polyphenols protect food and vitamins from oxidation in the digestive tract, the Moringa plant polyphenols cause increased absorption of vitamin E from food.
The above illustrates the potential of using Moringa leaves powder preventive food additive pathological conditions that are correlated with oxidative stress. Pneumonia in cattle, calves and Gmiltm the transfer is the development catalysts. Respiratory diseases are diseases feedlot Hmsbot the heaviest financial losses worldwide. Kosher beef damage attributed to them in 85% of cases. Because they are characterized by oxidative stress accompanying preventing pneumonia is an example of such a potential use Moringa leaves powder.
The proposed research aims: Testing the hypothesis that the preventive effect of Moringa leaves powder food additive also reflected in reducing the incidence of pneumonia and increasing the rate of growth and Kosher of the calves.
1. The review of the priority research areas of the steering committee
A. Meat production optimization using the input interface improvements and feedlot health.
B. Development of medical routines and interfaces to increase cattle slaughtered kosher.
2. The research program includes experimental methods (summary).
Moringa leaves of plants grown on a farm in the mountains of Ephraim learning, dried at 70oC and were ground into powder (mash 60). The powdered leaves of the comparative analysis shall nutritional composition (energy, protein, cellulose, ash, vitamins, minerals and digestibility) integration designated portion. More will be tested on the general level of polyphenols, including the concentration of condensed tannins and freaks as well, feeding experiments will powder leaves bathed in young dairy farm.
In the first year, in August 2010 in Kibbutz Ein Hashofet, male dairy calves had been given milk substitutes from birth to age two months when weaned .
was divided into two equal groups of 10 calves each.
The powder dissolves in a formula in a quantity of 50 grams per litter, and will be given to the treatment group. The control group will receive the formula as it is.
Measured: morbidity (the number of times a newly born sick during the growth and severity of the disease), intestinal diseases and respiratory diseases, growth rate and kosher at slaughter, and differences in response to withdrawal.
In addition, blood tests will be taken from each of the calves a few days before weaning and three days after weaning. Will Analyses of antioxidant (Cmolominsnzih and LT), and neutrophil gene expression in the immune system.
Second year test will choose two groups of calves drinking calves milk replacement until the age of two months. In the treatment group will be added to the milk substitute powder 50 grams per litter of Moringa leaves. After weaning the calves will be transferred to feed onley dry food (calves mix) in new pens. Experimental groups leaf powder additive at a final concentration of 10% of it on a dry matter basis for a month.
Morbidity and growth rate will be assessed During the growth period of the calves until the age of one year for marketing to the slaughterhouse. At the slaughterhouse will be examined Kosher level of calves.
3. milestones which the researcher predicts to go through during the study period:
A. First year trial in milk calves
B. Second year trial in normal mast calves depending on the results of milk calves .
4. Area of operation of the principal investigator and sub-investigators.
Maori Rosen – Mast interface
Gil Guy – Moringa growth experiment management
Hillel Malka- controller interface
5. Explain to budget items.
Including temporary worker mobility tracking experiment, materials and equipment for the production of powdered leaves and Services economies experienced trial participants. travel from Nave-Yaar for Blood collection and back with the blood tests to Neve Yaar.
6. If the economic evaluation research program theme allows it.
The difference between the dairy calf with Kosher to non-Kosher evaluation from Minister of prey is around ₪ 1500. Israel slaughtered annually 60,000 dairy calves. 35% of the calves are found non-Kosher and therefore the damage to the industry is a $ 31 million ₪ each year.